• Contamination by bacteria in water and food that the local population may be immune to.
• Poor local sanitation.
• Poor hygiene by food handlers.
• Contamination by insects such as flies and wasps.
• Consuming contaminated food in restaurants with poor hygiene procedures.
• Overuse of facilities such as swimming pools and buffet restaurants.
• Ingesting contaminated meat, chicken, beef, pork and fish.
What Safeguards can be taken to prevent Holiday Illness?
Before you travel seek medical advice about any vaccinations that you may need. If you are going to an area affected by Malaria, you may need to take medication in advance of travelling
Disinfection tablets can be purchased in pharmacies and camp site stores in advance of travel and can be used to decontaminate water
It is vital to observe high standards of personal individual hygiene. Make sure you clean your hands thoroughly after going to the toilet and after handling food. If you come into physical contact with an animal, again hand washing is a necessity.
Make sure any water you drink comes from a reliable source. Boiling water for 15 minutes is likely to kill the most dangerous of bugs. Try to stick to bottled water (that has not had its seal broken).Sparkling water may also be dangerous, particularly if served with ice.
It is well known that ice can be dangerous if contaminated water is used in its production or it has come into contact with human hands. Salad may also be washed in contaminated water and should be cleaned in treated water before consumption.